Understanding & Supporting behaviour
'Providers are responsible for managing children's behaviour in an appropriate way' (EYFS, 2021)
We understand that children need to have set boundaries of behaviour for their own safety and that of their peers and the staff. We aim to set these boundaries in a way that helps children to understand their behaviour, good or bad and see the significance of it on themselves and others.
All behaviour is about communication. Practitioners take steps to think about what the child is telling us. We look at the environment, the activities and resources we are offering. We think about the child and what support we can give their behaviour. Our staff aim to build attachments with their key children and support the children through strong interactions.
Staff act as role models for the children. We aim to re-enforce good behaviour and try not to place too many restrictions on the child's natural desire to explore their surroundings and develop their own personality and ideas. We will praise good behaviour and let the child know that it is the bad behaviour, not the child that is unwelcome. Strategies that we will use for this include:
- Giving children positive, clear instructions
- Praising the children and celebrating their achievements
- Getting down to a child's level and maintaining eye contact
- Never labelling children
- Engage and involve all children within the learning environment
- Encourage choice and decision making
- Staff have high expectations of children in all aspects of development and behaviour
- Plan activities such as stories or persona doll sessions to support good behaviour
Adults are role models for the children & are expected to interact positively with each other, the parents & the children. As set out in our Valuing Diversity & Promoting Equality policy. Adults are expected to use appropriate language when dealing with children and to demonstrate a caring attitude.
We have an expectation of staff to use anti-discriminatory practice regarding behaviour management. All staff have access to further training and development to include behaviour management and equal opportunities.
Any strategies applied in the case of bad behaviour will take into account the child's age and stage of development, be fair and relevant to the case in point.
The nursery manager and the child's key person will keep parents fully informed of bad behaviour and any action taken. The nursery manager will support any action taken to modify the child's behaviour.
Smacking, shaking, slapping, pushing or hitting would never be acceptable in any instance and will never be used. It is possible that in emergencies a restraining action be taken, if there is a serious danger of personal injury or damage to property. This will never include unnecessary force.
Parents should always feel free to discuss any matters with the child's key person or the nursery manager. Confidentiality is assured in all cases.
We aim to encourage self-discipline and a consideration for others and property. We will acknowledge all positive attitudes and actions. We will also help the children to develop non-aggressive strategies to promote confidence within themselves without causing any harm to other people or property. We will use appropriate language, activities and discussion to help children realise that bullying, fighting, racist comments, throwing toys etc. are unacceptable.
Bullying is not acceptable in any form from the children or staff members. Any incidents will be dealt with immediately. For staff this would result in disciplinary action. For children they would be removed from the situation and asked to think about what they have done and demonstrate that they are sorry. Parents would be informed.
Behaviour Management strategies that are considered appropriate include:
- Talking and thinking about what they have done.
- for unwanted behaviour staff may use a quiet time for that child to calm down or have some thinking time. A member of staff supports this.
- Time-out is given to the child using age related sand-timers. This is only given for severe or persistent unwanted behaviour. Children are taken away from the situation and sat quietly with a member of staff, sand-timers are used to ensure the correct time is given and to indicate to the child when it will finish.
- In the case where another person is hurt, going to see if they are OK and demonstrating that they are sorry.
- If the child is persistently unkind to others we will call parents in to discuss the matter and make sure that there is a consistency between home and nursery.
- Unacceptable behaviour will always be dealt with at the time and never carried on.
- Children are never isolated from the group or sat outside a classroom, time-out is used as a quiet reflection period to calm down only. Children are never deprived of food or comfort.
Children under 3
- When children under 3 behave in inconsiderate ways we recognise that stratagies for supporting them will need to be developmentally appropriate and differ from those for older children.
- We recognise that very young children are unable to regulate their own emotions, such as fear, anger or distress, and require sensitive adults to help them do this.
- Common inconsiderate or hurtful behaviours of young children include tantrums, biting or fighting. Staff are calm & patient, offering comfort to intense emotions, helping children to manage their feelongs and talk about them to help resolve issues & promote understanding.
We hope to nurture a caring and kind attitude by promoting good behaviour and co-operation.
Brighton nad Hove council offer Triple P, a positive parenting program. This is one of the most effective evidence based parenting programs in the world with 30 years of on-going research. They give parents the confidence to positively manage their childrens behaviour. There are 5 different levels that are tailored to meet different parenting needs. They also run one off talks on positive parenting. Please see the website www.triplep.net for more details. They can also offer the course in different languages.
Our named Behaviour Management Officer is Hannah Moss, who has accessed the appropriate training.
Many staff have attended a course around promoting positive behaviour.
Outside agencies are used, such as Early Childhood Project for resources, Brighton and Hove Inclusion Support Service (BHISS) to help with Special Educational Needs & any others that individual children are working with.